EN Standards for protective clothes

European Standards for protective garments

 

EN ISO 13688: 2013
General mandatory requirements of protective clothing.

This standard, the previous EN 340 standard, makes it possible to determine the mandatory requirements in terms of:
• Ergonomy, comfort, safety
• Colour fastness
• Dimensional variation due to cleaning: not more than 3%.

The clothing certified as per this standard are stamped with CE. Any garment which is desired to be certified according to one of the standards mentioned above should be previously certified as per this standard.

 

EN 14404: 2004+A1: 2010

Protection of the knees for work performed in kneeling position

This standard makes it possible to assess the types as well as the levels of performance relative to the protections for the knees for all the professional activities which require kneeling down.

• The performances of the EN 14404:2004+A1:2010 standard are distributed between 4 types of protection for the knee:
– Type 1: protections for the knees which are independent of all clothing items and are fixed around the leg.
– Type 2: plastic foam to insert in the pockets of the legs of pants.
– Type 3: devices which are not fixed to the body but put in place when the user is in movement. They can be provided for each knee or for both knees together.
– Type 4: accessories having additional functions, such as a frame which helps the user to get up or to kneel down.
*In addition, the performances of the EN 14404:2004+A1:2010 standard are distributed between the following three levels:
Level 0: flat surface – no resistance to penetration required.
Level 1: flat surface – resistance to penetration of at least 100N required.
Level 2: difficult conditions – resistance to penetration of at least 250N required.

EN 20471 : 2013

It is the European standard for high visibility:
The High visibility warning clothings are aiming at signaling the presence of the wearer visually in daylight as well as under illumination by lights at night without ambiguity in any circumstances . The background material is made in fluorescent colours meant to be highly visible. The high visibility of these fabrics lays in their capacity to absorb the energy in the zones close to ultraviolet, and then to transform it into visible light. So the fluorescent colours seem brighter than standard colours and makes the wearer of these garments more visible in daylight. The retro-reflective material acts like a reflector resending the light emitted by a light source back to that source, making the object enlightened “visible” even in case of slight light. The retro-reflexion helps
the eye to capture light when the latter is weak. So, then thus, by reflecting the light rays back to the initial source, for example illuminated by headlights of cars, the fabric seems brighter in the eyes of the driver and makes the wearer more visible at night. The combined material has at the same time fluorescent and retroreflective properties.

Classes:

Class 3 concerns the highest level of visibility and encounts longsleeved jackets, parkas, coveralls and jacket-trousers suits.
Class 2 represents the intermediate level which can be found on waistcoats and chasubles or on jackets without retroreflective bands on the sleeves.
Class 1 is the lowest visibility level which can be found on trousers worn without jacket or vests or on small garments (gloves or caps).

 

As of 1 October
2013, new clothes certified «highvisibility » must meet the new standard. As of October 1, 2013, it is no longer possible to certify a product according to EN471: 2003+ A1: 2007 certified but before October 1, 2013 clothing can still be marketed indefinitely. In order to always offer our customers the best safety use of our products, WEP group has initiated a process of recertification the full range of its high visibility from the publication of the EN20471 standard.

EN 343 Standard

Protection against rain for protective clothing.
This standard sets the requirements and test methods applicable to materials and seams of clothing for protection against the weather, fog and soil moisture. The tests are: resistance to penetration of water (before and after treatment), evaporative strength, tensile strength, resistance to the tear resistance of the seams and dimensional changes.

Certified clothes are marked by a specific pictogram:
X : strenght to penetration of water (1-3)
Y : evaporative resistance (from 1 to 3)

EN 14058 Standard

Clothing articles protecting from
cool environments.
Cool climate is an environment generally characterized by a combination of humidity and wind at a temperature of-5 ° C and more.

Articles are divided into three classes depending on their thermal resistance (insulation) :
Articles whose thermal resistance is greater than 0.25m²K/W are generally intended for cold environments (EN342).

Rct (m²K/W)        Class
0.06 ≤ Rct < 0.12     1
0.12 ≤ Rct < 0.18     2
0.18 ≤ Rct < 0.25     3
Articles are also divided into three classes
depending on their air permeability:
AP (mm/s)      Class
100 < AP              1
5 < AP < 100       2
AP ≤ 5                   3
Articles are divided into two classes according to
their resistance to water
penetration :
WP (Pa)                          Class
8000 ≤ WP < 13000        1
WP > 13000                      2
Two optional features can be tested: the water vapour resistance and thermal insulation.

Clothing certified to this standard mention the following properties:

• Thermal resistance
• Air permeability
• Penetration of water
• Water vapour resistance
• Thermal insulation

IEC 61482-2: 2009

Protection against dangers caused by an electric arc.

This standard makes it possible to assess the level of performance of protective clothing against the dangers related to an electric arc.

The person equipped with IEC 61482-2:2009 standardized clothing is protected in the case in which an electric arc appears in an electrical installation following a distrubance (for example, short circuit).
An electric arc is equivalent to lightning which explodes in an electrical installation which may cause severe burns, blindness or even death.

The performances of the IEC 61482-2:2009 standard are divided between the following two classes:
Class 1: Efficient protective performance against an electric arc of 4KA
Class 2: Efficient protective performance against an electric arc of 7KA

EN ISO 11612: 2008

Protection against heat and flames.

This standard makes it possible to assess the level of performance of protective clothing for the body (with the exception of the hands) against
heat and/or flames.

The person equipped with EN ISO 11612:2008 standardized clothing is protected in case of brief contact with a flame as well as against heatemitted by convection and by radiation (to a certain extent).

EN ISO 11612 has replaced the EN 531 standard.
The performance requirements guaranteed by this standard are applicable to a large range of clothing items having several types of end uses.
The standardized clothing offer limited flame spread properties and tolerance to exposure to heat emitted by radiation, convection, through
contact or due to spraying/splashing of molten metal.

The performances of the ISO 11612:2008 standard are as follows:
The higher the numerical index, the greater will be the protective performance.

A: Minimum protective performance with respect to flame spread (A1 and/ or A2)
B: Performance with respect to insulation against convective heat (B1< B3)
C: Performance with respect to insulation against heat radiated (C1<C4)
D: Performance with respect to insulation against aluminium spraying (D1<D3)
E: Performance with respect to insulation against cast iron spraying (E1<E3)
F: Performance with respect to insulation against heat through contact (F1<F3)

EN ISO 11611: 2007

Protection against spraying of molten metal.

This standard makes it possible to assess the level of performance of protective clothing designed for protecting the user during welding
processes or related techniques.

The EN ISO 11611:2007 standardized clothing are designed for use in a work environment where the user is subject to a risk of spraying of metal, of brief contact with a flame, radiant heat or an electric arc (welding or other related activities).

These clothing minimize the possibility of an electric shock through brief accidental contact with electric conductors which are powered.
The performances of the EN ISO 11611:2007 standard are divided between the following two classes: the higher the numerical index, the greater the protective performance.

Class 1: Requirement for minimum performances of protection during brief contact with a flame, radiant heat or an electric arc.
Class 2: Requirement for higher performances for protection during brief contact with a flame, radiant heat or an electric arc.
The standard specifies two test methods for determining the inflammability of the clothing:
A1: The clothes are compliant with the performances required for limited flame spread in case of fire on the surface
A2: The clothes are compliant with the performance required in case of fire in the surrounding areas

Chemical protection

The performances of the EN ISO 13034: 2005 standard are divided between the different types as follows:

EN 943: 2002 TYPE 1

Protective clothing against gas-tight chemical

EN 943: 2002 TYPE 2

Protective clothing against non-gas-tight chemical

EN 14605: 2005 TYPE 3

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals

EN 14605: 2005+ A1: 2009 TYPE 4

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals

EN 13982- 1: 2004+A1: 2010 TYPE 5

Protective clothing against solid particles

EN 13034: 2005+ A1: 2009 TYPE 6

This standard makes it possible to assess the minimum level of performance of protective clothing designed for protection against a possible explosion of small quantities of spray or a limited volume (sprayed by accident) of less dangerous chemical products, for which a total permeability barrier is not required.

The performances of the EN ISO 13034: 2005 standard are divided between the different types as follows:

TYPE 6:

Clothes standardized type 6 protect users, at least cover torso and limbs

TYPE PB 6:

Clothes standardized type PB 6 protect only specific users’ body parts

EN 1149-5: 2008

Protection against electrostatic charges

This standard makes it possible to assess if the protective clothing concerned are certified as anti-static so as to prevent sparks arising, if electrostatic charges are present, which may cause explosions and fires.
These anti-static clothing are compliant and designed for use in an ATEX (EXplosive ATmosphere) working environment where a risk of explosion is possible.